The 20 July plot of 1944, led by German Army Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, was a failed attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler, the leader of Nazi Germany, inside his "Wolf's Lair" field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia. The plot was the culmination of the efforts of the German Resistance to overthrow the Nazi regime. The failure of both the assassination and the military coup d'état which was planned to follow it led to the arrest of at least 7,000 people by the Gestapo. According to records of the Führer Conferences on Naval Affairs, 4,980 people were executed, resulting in the destruction of the resistance movement in Germany.
Photo & Text:wikipedia.com
Tom Cruise was in an intriguing --if somewhat accent-flawed-- film on the the subject, entitled Valkyrie released five years ago. (See my post on December 26, 2008 for my review of the movie.)